Huge thanks to all involved from the following hospital sites:

  • Cambridge University Hospitals (Addenbrooke’s) NHS Foundation Trust
  • The Queen Elizabeth Hospital Kings Lynn NHS Foundation Trust
  • University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust


Developing the CHARMER intervention

In Work Package 2 we developed the CHARMER intervention by working with key stakeholders to design the six Behaviour Change Techniques (BCTs) identified in our previous work. These six BCTs were identified to target the barriers and enablers to geriatricians and pharmacists proactively deprescribing in hospital.

We used a co-design approach with stakeholders from three NHS hospitals, including geriatricians, pharmacists, patient and public representatives and hospital staff who are likely to be involved in CHARMER implementation. Over three rounds of workshops, we developed the CHARMER intervention.

You can find out more about the development of the CHARMER intervention in our Plain Language Summary and our research article published in Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.

Patient and public involvement members were involved in all stages of Work Package 2’s development, from research design to data collection through to data analysis. PPI team members contributed to the design of the co-design workshops in terms of structure and content, attended and supported the facilitation of all workshops and helped analyse the workshop findings. Attendance at the workshops meant that PPI team members also took part in the selection and design of the BCTs alongside other stakeholders.

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Work Package Team

If you have any questions about Work Package 2, please contact Bethany Atkins.

Bethany Atkins
Research Associate, University of Leicester
Debi Bhattacharya
Professor of Behavioural Medicine, University of Leicester / CHARMER Co-Chief Investigator
Sion Scott
Lecturer in Behavioural Medicine, University of Leicester / CHARMER Programme Manager
Jo Taylor
Lecturer in Applied Health Research, University of York
Ian Kellar
Associate Professor of Health Psychology, University of Leeds
Victoria Keevil
Consultant Geriatrician / Frailty Researcher, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Katherine Murphy
Patient and Public Involvement & Media Relations Lead
Sujata Walkerley
Patient and Public Involvement

Collaborating Organisations